Lighting basics

Proper lighting is essential when filming any footage, and it can also be used as a creative tool. During the shoots, either natural or artificial light can be used. Knowledge of the correct use of lighting is crucial during the filming process.

Organisation

  • Duration
    Long (more than 1 hour)
  • Complexity
    Difficult
  • Group size
    1 to 100 persons

Description Long

‘Nothing is possible without light! This basic principle applies to all life on earth, but also to photography, filming or the electronic recording of images.’ … ‘The use of correct exposure settings, e.g., how much light passes through the aperture, is decisive for film aesthetics. Unlike massive Hollywood movies, small film productions seldom have the resources to influence the lighting conditions with dozens of artificial lamps. Most television productions make do with a handheld light or lightbox with three individual lights.

 

(Source: www.camgaroo.com/camgaroo-academy/artikel/details/lichtworkshop-natuerliche-lichtbedingungen-richtig-nutzen/)

 

Low-budget film projects often utilise the existing light (natural/artificial). The creative use of light sources is decisive for the quality of the recorded footage. 

 

Three-point lighting and reflectors are the essentials of light engineering. Further information can be found here.

Illustration

Preparation

Check filming location, weather and light. Test and pack the hardware, e.g., lights, reflectors. Practice light engineering.

Execution

Pick a well-lit spot for shoots, for example, during interviews. 

 

  • Avoid situations with backlight. Close the curtains or blinds if this is unavoidable.
  • Use the natural light that comes through the windows. Utilise the room lighting if needed. Manually adjust the white balance if the light conditions are a challenge (a mixture of artificial and natural light).

References

Die 3 Punkt Beleuchtung - Grundlagen der Lichtsetzung: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fV4ummbhI1U

 

Licht beim Filmen (Youtube Video): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jxeUwBE0FJQ

 

Aufbau eines 5-Leuchten-Systems: http://www.portablestudio.de/5_Leuchten-Aufbau.html

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